The coming of the western enlightenment and the subsequent modernity that it birthed has been the biggest ontological shift in human understanding since the birth of God and Christianity.

It is this ontological shift that has given the western world its dominance. The west is dominant because of the way in which it acquires knowledge and its understanding of what knowledge is. In philosophy, discussions around knowledge and how it is acquired are called epistemological. Epistemological discussions mostly take place in the philosophy of science, where philosophers discuss the methodologies and practice behind systems of knowledge.

It is the superior…


For more than 100 hundred years; black and white nationalists in America have argued for the purity of races and racial seperation. They have cloaked their ideology in scientific language to argue the genetic superiority of those termed racially pure individuals and considered genetic preservation of the race as a panacea that one should be willing to pick up arms for.

Despite the development of the politics of racial supremacy and or nationalism in the United States; geneticists, social psychologists and scientists argue that it is racial mixing that leads to genetic, psychological and cognitive advantages rather than the purification…


“And there shall come forth a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch shall grow out of his roots.” Isaiah, Chapter 11, Verse 1

After the excitement of the 1960’s, politics in Black America did not suddenly come to a halt. In the aftermath of the deaths of Martin Luther King Jnr and Malcom X and the government attacks against the Black Panther Party; another leader arose from out of the shadows and took forward the politics of African-America to the next level. His name is Jesse Jackson.

After witnessing the death of Martin Luther King Jnr as…


The Guardian is considered by many to be a progressive newspaper but I am becoming increasingly disturbed at the way in which The Guardian is working to stir up ethnic animosity against mulattoes and their families.

Yesterday, The Guardian published an article tackling the issue of “Colourism” which I believe to be conspiratorial and written to whip up ethnic antagonism against mulatto people. The article written by black presenter, Candace Braithwaite, claims that there is systematic racism that favours mulattoes over blacks. That there is a conspiracy by mulattoes and whites to eradicate black faces from the media landscape. …


That invisibility to which I refer occurs because of the peculiar disposition of the eyes of those with whom I come into contact. A matter of the construction of their inner eyes, those eyes with which they look through their physical eyes upon reality” Prologue, Invisible Man, Ralph Ellison

In 1952, Ralph Ellisons classic tale the Invisible Man was published. A year later in 1953, Ralph Ellison, an African-American, was awarded the National Book Award for Fiction, an annual Award that recognises outstanding works of fiction by US citizens. Described as a “blistering and impassioned first novel that tells the…


Dr W E B Dubois

It is a peculiar sensation, this double-consciousness, this sense of always looking at one’s self through the eyes of others, of measuring one’s soul by the tape of a world that looks on in amused contempt and pity. One ever feels his two-ness, — an American, a Negro; two souls, two thoughts, two unreconciled strivings; two warring ideals in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone keeps it from being torn asunder. The history of the American Negro is the history of this strife — this longing to attain self-conscious manhood, to merge his double self into a better and…


On the 1st January 1818 English author Mary Shelley, the daughter of philosopher and feminist activist Mary Wollstonecraft published her popular book, Frankenstein. In February of the same year, Frederick Douglass was born. To many the two events appear totally unrelated but in my analysis of the text and the event there is something that connects the two.

In my mind, the book Frankenstein is a allegorical story about the coming of the mulatto race. It is the tragic mulatto narrative written as a tale of science fiction. …


Malcom X protecting his family

On February 21st people across America mourned the loss of one of black America’s political giants, Malcolm X.

Malcolm X came to prominence as the spokesman for Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad in the late 50’s and early 1960’s before being viciously murdered in front of his wife and children in 1965, at the tender age of 39.

Malcolm came onto the world scene as a thundering voice of black nationalism. He preached to black Americans across the nation on the importance of self-reliance, self-defence, personal development and racial pride. He recruited thousands of new recruits into the Nation…


For more than 100 years, the racial analysis of Marcus Garvey has dominated the way that those once termed “Coloured” have imagined themselves. It is time to challenge the dominance of the theories of Garveyism in the western world.

Friedrich Nietzsche, the 19th Century German philosopher, wrote of what he termed in German, the “ubermensch”. A term that is often translated into English as the “superman”.

Nietzsche believed that the goal for humanity should be to birth a race of supermen. …


The History of All Hitherto Existing Society: A New Interpretation

The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of biological and cultural assimilation between different tribes and ethnicities giving birth to new historical peoples that light up and excite the world.

Throughout human history we see the rise of new ethnicities and people that arise out of the assimilation of different tribes or peoples into other tribes that produced new beings. The foundational myth of Rome tells us that the Romans were a people that occupied a small city, their female population was small and they worried about…

Tony Thomas

Badman From Brixton

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